Cover of: Exploring psychology | David G. Myers

Exploring psychology

7th ed.

Published by Worth Publishers in New York .
Written in English.

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Table of Contents

1. Thinking critically with psychological science
Contemporary psychology
Intuition and common sense
Scientific attitude
Critical thinking
2. Neuroscience and behavior
Neural communication
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
The peripheral nervous system
The central nervous system
The endocrine system
The brain
The cerebral cortex
Hemispheric differences
3. Nature, nurture, and human diversity
Behavior genetics
Genes
Twin and adoption studies
Temperament and heredity
Nature and nurture
Gene-environment interaction
Evolutionary psychology : understanding human nature
Natural selection
Evolutionary explanation of human sexuality
Parents and peers
Peer influence
Cultural influences
Variation across cultures
Variation over time
Culture and the self
culture and child-rearing
Reflections on nature and nurture
4. Developing through the life span
Prenatal development and the newborn
The competent newborn
Infancy and childhood
Autism and "mind-blindness"
Adolescence
Adulthood
Continuity and stages
Stability and change
5. Sensation and perception
Sensory adaptation
Vision
Light energy
the eye
Visual information processing
Color vision
Hearing
Touch
Pain
Taste
Smell
Body position and movement
Form perception
Depth perception
Perceptual constancy
Sensory deprivation and restored vision
Perceptual adaptation
Extrasensory perception
6. States of consciousness
Waking consciousness
Selective attention
Sleep and dreams
Biological rhythms and sleep
Sleep disorders
Hypnosis
The hypnotized state
Drugs and consciousness
Dependence and addiction
Psychoactive drugs
7. Learning
Classical conditioning
Pavlov's experiments
Operant conditioning
Skinner's experiments
Training our mates
Learning by observation
Bandura's experiments
8. Memory
Studying memory : information-processing models
Encoding : getting information in
Storage : retaining information
Sensory memory
Working/short-term memory
Long-term memory
Storing memories in the brain
Retrieval cues
Forgetting
Encoding failure
Storage decay
Retrieval failure
Retrieving passwords
Memory construction
Misinformation and imagination effects
Source amnesia
Children's eyewitness recall
Repressed or constructed memories of abuse?
Improving memory.
9. Thinking, language, and intelligence
Concepts
Solving problems
Making decision and forming judgments
The fear factor : do we fear the right things?
Language development
Thinking and language
Animal thinking and language
Theories of intelligence
Assessing intelligence
Extremes of intelligence
Genetic and environmental influences on intelligence
Group differences in intelligence test scores
10. Motivation
Motivational concepts
Instincts and evolutionary psychology
Drives and incentives
Optimum arousal
Physiology of hunger
Psychology of hunger
Eating disorders
Obesity and weight control
Physiology of sex
Psychology of sex
Adolescent sexuality
Sexual orientation
Sex and human values
The need to belong
Achievement motivation
11. Emotions, stress, and health
Embodied emotion
Emotions and the autonomic nervous system
Lie detection
cognition and emotion
Expressed emotion
Gender, emotion, and nonverbal behavior
Culture and emotional expression
Effects of facial expressions
Experienced emotion
Anger
Happiness
Stress and stressors
Stress and the heart
Stress and susceptibility to disease
Coping with stress
Complementary and alternative medicine
12. Personality
Psychoanalytic perspective
Exploring the unconscious
Neo-Freudian and psychodynamic theorists
The humanistic perspective
Abraham Maslow's self-actualizing person
Carl Rogers' person-centered perspective
Assessing the self
The trait perspective
How to be a "successful" astrologer or palm reader
The social-cognitive perspective
Reciprocal influences
Personal control
Exploring the self
Benefits of self-esteem
Culture and self-esteem
Self-serving bias
13. Psychological disorders
ADHD : normal high energy or genuine disorder?
Classifying psychological disorders
The "un-DSM" : a diagnostic manual of human strengths
Insanity and responsibility
Anxiety disorders
Panic disorder
Phobias
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Dissociative and personality disorders
Mood disorders
Major depressive disorder
Bipolar disorder
Suicide
Schizophrenia
Rates of psychological disorders
14. Therapy
Psychoanalysis
Humanistic therapies
Behavior therapies
Cognitive therapies
Group and family therapies
Alternative therapies
Culture and values in psychotherapy
Consumer's guide to psychotherapists
- The biomedical therapies
Drug therapies
Brain stimulation
Psychosurgery
Preventing psychological disorders
15. Social psychology
Social thinking
Abu Ghraib Prison " "atrocity-producing situation"
Social influence
Conformity and obedience
Group influence
Social relations
Prejudice
Automatic prejudice
Aggression
Do video games teach, or release, violence?
Parallels between smoking effects and media violence effects
Attraction
Altruism
Conflict and peacemaking
Appendix A. Statistical reasoning in everyday life
Appendix B. Psychology at work
Personnel psychology
Organizational psychology
Satisfaction and engagement
Managing well
Appendix C. Careers in psychology
Preparing for a career in psychology
Subfields of psychology
Appendix D. Answers to Test Yourself questions
Glossary.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

Classifications

Dewey Decimal Class
150
Library of Congress
BF121 .M935 2008

The Physical Object

Pagination
xxix, 571, [149] pages :
Number of pages
571

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL26333373M
Internet Archive
exploringpsychol00davi_0
ISBN 10
0716771403, 0716771411
ISBN 13
9780716771401, 9780716771418
LC Control Number
2007277369
OCLC/WorldCat
85895459
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